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National Holidays in China

National holidays in China are those festivals designated by the Chinese government that everyone gets to enjoy. Everyone has the right to have the appointed days off work. These holidays fall into two types: those that all citizens enjoy nationwide, and those that some citizens enjoy. The following is the general introduction to Chinese national holidays.

New Years Day is a grand occasion for the Chinese people. They celebrate the New Year like people all over the world. Since ancient times, the day has been called Yuandan by the Chinese. Yuan means at the beginning. Dan means day, so joined together the words mean first day of a year. For 3,000 years, China has greeted Yuandan with joyous ceremonies.

Due to the different longitudes upon which countries lie in the world, the time of the celebration varies. China is the twelfth country to celebrate the event and the people are rewarded with one days vacation. All kinds of festive programs are presented on TV, and organizations and schools hold parties to let everyone enter into the jubilant atmosphere of the festival. Sincere good wishes are reflected by peoples smiles and wonderful performances at parties. Great hopes for an excellent year are embedded in everyones mind.

Held on the first day of the first lunar month and lasting for two weeks, the Chinese New Year is regarded by the Chinese people as the grandest and most important annual event, similar in many ways to Christmas in predominantly Christian countries. It is an event for the people to celebrate family reunion and is full of rich and colorful activities.

Among all the customs and activities that people kept and held, pasting Spring Festival scrolls, the character Fu, and paper-cut pictures, setting off firecrackers and fireworks, paying New Year visits, and eating jiaozi have been handed down by Chinese people from generation to generation. To everyone the festival is of great significance.

Falling on March 8th, Womens Day is a festival for women worldwide. It is celebrated since 1975 for the purpose of remembering the womens struggle for getting the reasonable right and peace.

In China, the government designated it as a national holiday for women who are rewarded with a half day off on Mar. 8th. Children respect their mother by doing housework and husbands prepare dinner and presents for their wives. In some places, organizations and schools hold mountain-climbing competitions to add a festive atmosphere or communication meetings to talk about their life and work. Flowers are presented to women by students, children, or husbands.

Many countries have Arbor Day but on different days. Chinas Arbor Day falls on March 12th every year to remember the death of Dr. Sun Yat Sen who emphasized on the construction of forest industry. After the birth of New China, Chinese leaders paid great attention to forestation projects. In February 1979, the Chinese State Council suggested that March 12th be Chinese Arbor Day. Since then, Chinese citizens actively plant trees as their legal obligation. The ecological condition is improved a lot by their efforts.

Its English name is Pure Brightness or Tomb-Sweeping Day, from which we can see that it serves as both a solar term and a traditional festival. Falling on April 4th or 5th of the solar calendar, it signifies the fact that the days are becoming warm and bright. It was the custom in ancient China for people to go out on this day and sweep the tombs clean of debris in memory of the departed.

As a day for the working people worldwide, it was established on May 1st in 1886. In China, all kinds of jubilant assemblies and amusement activities are held in parks, theaters, and on plazas. In the evening, entertainment programs are held on TV, and some model laborers are invited to the evenings.

Youth Day is an event that held for the youngsters over fourteen years old on May 4th. Its purpose is to encourage young people to study hard in order to contribute to the nation. Schools usually organize social events for students or sodalities for students communicating with each other on that day. All the young people are summoned to study from the Youth Medal (Medals rewarded for the model youth) winners and learn their stories.

International Nurse Day is set up to commemorate the great contribution made by Florence Nightingale, the forerunner of nursing. In 1912, the International Council of Nurses designated May 12th, the birthday of Nightingale, as International Nurse Day, in order to encourage nurses to learn from her and inherit the glorious tradition of nursing.

Celebrated on Jun. 1st, Childrens Day is a festival for children all over the world. Every year, when the day comes, the whole nation is full of childrens smiling faces, songs and great joy.

Parents usually take their children to visit places of great interest thus helping them learn more about Chinese history and culture. Schools organize the showing of excellent childrens films. In kindergartens, children present their special skills such as singing and dancing to parents and teachers. Besides, some children are lucky to receive special gifts from their elderships.

Dragon Boat Festival falls on the 5th day of the Chinese 5th lunar month. Many beautiful stories all suggest the origin of this festival. But the most popular one is the legend of Qu Yuan who was a patriotic poet living in the Warring States Period (476 BC – 221 BC). On this day, Chinese people like to eat Zongzi and race dragon boats.

Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese Communist Party

In May, 1938, Chairman Mao suggested that July 1st be the anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party to mark the first central committee of the Communist Party of China held in July 1921. From then on, Chinese people celebrate the birth of the Chinese Communist Party every year to remind them that without the Communist Party, there would be no precious happy life today.

Falling on Aug. 1st, Army Day is set aside to commemorate the contribution that the PLA has made to China both past and present. Chinese leaders and public figures go to veterans homes to show their great concern for them, and symposia and get-togethers are held for the soldiers on that day. In some places, soldiers and their dependents are rewarded with the opportunity to visit tourist attractions for free while some are presented with beneficial books to mark the occasion.

Teachers are praised as the engineers of human spirit. In order to carry forward the fine tradition of respecting teachers and valuing education, the Chinese Government designated that Teachers Day fall on September 10th every year. The reason to choose this day is because when the fall semester begins, a fine studious atmosphere will be created if activities of respecting teachers and valuing education are held.

Falling on the 15th day of the Chinese 8th lunar month, the Mid-Autumn Festival means family reunion to Chinese people, thus it is one of the most important traditional festivals. There are many beautiful legends about the origin of this festival. Admiring the full moon and eating moon cakes are the traditional activities held on this day.

Oct. 1st is Chinas National Day. It is a festival of great importance to the people nationwide and they celebrate it with great felicitation. In the early morning, numerous people arrive at Tiananmen Square in Beijing to see the ceremonial raising of the national flag. This is followed by a great ceremonial review of troops on the Tiananmen Square and various festive activities are held in different regions. When evening comes, fireworks are set off to illuminate the sky brightly and gallantly.

In 1999, the Chinese government decided that the three days designated for the National Day celebration be combined with the two weekends on either side, thus giving people a seven-day vacation. Also because of the great indulgences during the week, it is regarded as another Golden Week for the Chinese pe
ople when they can go out to visit some long-cherished tourist attractions or doing other things people like to do.

Falling on November 8th, Journalists Day is set up to praise the hard work of journalists. The day is celebrated to acknowledge the prominent achievement of journalists in promoting the development of Chinas journalism.

2018 / 2019 / 2020 China Public Holiday Calendar

China Travel Clothing

What you will pack depends on the season you are traveling in, just as it does in North America or Europe.

Whatyou pack for China also depends onwhereyou are going in China.

Consider this :Hong Kongis same latitude as Havana, Cuba, which is warm much of the year;Beijingthe same latitude as Pittsburg PA, which can have really cold winters.

What you  would pack for trips to either of those places would be quite different, especially in Winter.

Summer Travel Pack for China: Summer weather can be sweltering hot and rainy all across the country, except for the far west mountains and dry deserts, so for summer travel, youll need your lightest weight clothing, and a rain jacket. (Note: Cyclone (typhoon) season in in east and south China is  June- November.)

Spring, Fall Travel Pack for China:Spring and Fall seasons in much of China are the same as in North America, Europe, where weather is usually mild; in the south, it can be humid year round.

Ive travelled toChinain late summer, mid Autumn, late winter and spring, covering every season but the really hot humid and rainy summer season.

One late summer trip,  though, a cold front moved through as we reached theGreat Wall, north of Beijing, and the muggy heat turned to chilly rain and wind. Thats when you buy a warm shirt from a market stall 🙂

New page added:Pack for Hong Kong(winter).

can be quite cold (below zero, snow);

i, on the ocean, is a bit warmer than Beijing but cooler than more southerly Hong Kong;

Hong Kong; can be pleasant or chilly depending on the weather pattern, or the specific time of year. In 2012, Hong Kong had an exceptionally cold winter, with temps dropping to 12 C (54F). Locals were wearing light down jackets and short coats, with boots and scarves. On cloudy days, I was comfortable with a hoodie and light quilted jacket. When the sun came out, I usually had to take off my jacket and / or hoodie as they were too warm for me.

SeeChina travel informationfor more China visa and travel details. Here are someChina travel clothing tips listed by seasons and by area. And whether you are packing for a one week trip, a two week trip, or three weeks or longer, toChina or any other destination, the basic travel packing list is the same.

My basictravel packing tipsWhat to packfor packing Light — still apply, but Ill outline what to pack for a China trip here.

What you will pack to wear on a  trip China depends on the type of traveler you are. Generally for all travelers, choose conservative clothing for all destinations.

If you are touring about, general travel pants and tops are fine. Avoid wearing short shorts (men and women) unless you are on the beach.

Streetwear in China cities is similar to what you would wear in any European, North American or Australian city: Slacks, skirts, blouses, tops, jackets (if weatther is cool).

Travel PantsOne to wear, two for spares (or one in the laundry), in neutral colors like khaki, black, or dark denim.For Wintertravel pants (Beijing, Shanghai), I wore a black fleece pair that looked dressy enough for restaurants, yet were cozy and warm (and didnt show dirt – Bonus!).For Spring and Autumntrips (all areas), I wore black denim jeans (also dressy and forgiving of dirt, but could be dressed up for a night at the opera). Heavy denim is too warm to pack for summer travel in China, or the far south, tropical areas.

Note: Hong Kong streetwear:Locals were wearing tights / leggings with boots in winter. This may be another pants (bottom) option for you to consider. Wear with a longer top, sweater or tunic.

Travel SkirtsWhile pants are by far the more practical to wear, if you prefer a (non-mini) skirt, especially for summer travel, then substitute skirts (in either a print that goes with the tops or in a neutral color) for one or two pairs of pants.

Capris / ShortsFor summer travel to China, you could substitute one pair of capris, or add one pair of capris to your China travel clothing list, but since they are appropriate for casual wear only, its more efficient to wear pants instead. (You may think that China tours on a bus are casual, but the stop for lunch could be at a very dressy restaurant, hence capris are too casual.) Leave shorts at home, unless you will be spending time at a resort (likeHainan), as shorts are simply not appropriate streetwear in China.

Tops — blouses, shirts, Tshirts, etcSince tops generally are smaller and less bulky than travel pants, you can easily pack 5-7 or so, depending on bulk. Be sure to lay out your pants, and then the tops you are considering so that you can see if each top goes with each pair of pants. If you have 3 bottoms (pants, skirts) and 7 tops, you have 21 possible combinations, so 21 outfits.

Sleepwear / JammiesOne pair Tshirt top (can do double duty as outerwear if needed) and pants, or one nightie are enough. Many hotels in China wil also provide dressing gowns. Even if you prefer no jammies at all, plan for unexpected nightime departures from your room, should a smoke alarm go off.

Walking ShoesTwo Pairs — One pair sneakers / walking shoes (lace up are more forgiving) to wear on plane (they are bulky to pack in suitcase) for wearing on tours or going out shopping, etc., and one pair of dressier shoes — I like my black leather slides with a medium wedge heel for evening or hotel and beach. ForWinter and Summer travel,waterproof your sneakers. Proper sneakers or walking shoes give better support and surer footing, especially on rough pavements. Slip-ons or slides are good for just running down to breakfast in the hotel, or up to the spa for a massage. Most hotels in China will provide disposable slippers in your room, Bless them!

JacketWear it for the flight (Jackets can take up too much room in your suitcase). Even forSummer China travel, a lightweight jacket is handy for air conditioned rooms, or sudden storms. ForWinter travel, if you are coming from a cold climate, wear your preferred winter jacket / coat, or consider buying a jacket or coat from a charity shop to wear while you are in wintery parts of China, then leave it behind before you fly home. One hotel in Beijing was kind enough to hold our winter jackets for us while we left to tour the south (seeChina provinces travel story) so we didnt have to carry it with us.If you are travelling on businesssubstitute / allow for business suits (pants and jackets) to be part of the overall travel wardrobe.

Rain coat/ jacket(one) plus a small fold up rain poncho (look for these at travel supplies stores, or at a Dollar Store or Euro Store), in case of sudden downpours, or out on the water in a boat or for a windbreaker over other clothing. Keep it in your day pack or purse, and even one in your camera bag, so you can get at it in a hurry.

Swimsuits, Work out gearTake along at least one swimsuit or bathing suit, just in case you need it. Swimsuits take up little room in your suitase, and they are time consuming to buy when travelling. And often China clothing is sized for tinier Asian figures, so it can be hard to find a western size suit. Take along something to wear over the swimwear for the trip from your hotel room to the pool area. Most large hotels will have a work out room or gym, so if you are planning to use this facility, then roll up something suitable to wear in the gym. Most China tours are fast paced, so long leisurely hours at a pool are rare.

Socks, undiesetc Basically what you would wear at home. Lightweight if traveling in summer or to a tropical area of China, and long underwear for layering if at altitude or in Winter.

I hope this helps you decide what to pack for your trip to China.Remember, too, your hotel will have a laundry service so you can have your clothes washed and pressed while you are shopping or seeing the sights! And of course, should you find you need something like a light jacket or a sarong, you can buy one at the local market and take home as a souvenir.

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