Children are at risk of developing eyes, nose, and throat problems (ENT conditions) because of the immature structures of their bodies. For instance, their eustachian tube (part of the ear) is shorter among children and it doesn’t open until the child reaches the puberty stage that makes them at greater risk of developing middle ear infections. Their sinuses are developed completely at the age of 8 and their adenoids and tonsils are usually large, shrinking when they reach teenage years. Because children may not be able to fully express themselves, some ENT conditions are left untreated and undetected, resulting in inadequate management.
When it comes to the different types of pediatric ear infections, they include middle ear infections or acute otitis media, external ear infections, and middle ear fluid or effusion (OME or otitis media with effusion). Because of excessive cotton bud use and swimming, external ear infections result leading to bacterial growth and infection to the outer ear canal. When it comes to the right treatment and intervention, your child needs to avoid swimming and he needs to be checked by an ENT doctor who will be prescribing the right antibiotic eardrop and clean your child’s ear with suction.
Upper respiratory tract infections usually affect the middle ear causing acute otitis media or middle ear infection, caused by tracking up of upper respiratory tract infections. The signs and symptoms of acute otitis media include fever, ear pain, and hearing loss. Because of pus bursting and spreading in the eardrum, purulent ear discharge may result. The treatment for acute otitis media includes analgesics for pain relief and antibiotics for infection. Antibiotic eardrops, suction ear cleaning, and oral medications are usually required if the ears are perforated.
When it comes to the most common types of nasal problems among children, they include allergy, epistaxis (nosebleed), and chronic sinusitis. The signs and symptoms of nasal allergy affecting children are a runny nose or rhinorrhea, sneezing, itchiness, and nasal blockage. The common allergens are certain types of food like nuts and house dust mites. Antihistamines, nasal sprays, and allergen avoidance are the interventions given to nasal allergy. Nose bleeding experienced by children are usually caused by trauma, blowing, rubbing or infection.
When it comes to the most common throat conditions experienced by children, they include a chronic cough, snoring, and obstructive apnea. Because of pharyngitis, chronic cough occurs lasting up to two weeks. Disrupted sleep happens due to nocturnal coughing. Temper tantrums, irritability, and poor concentration are the manifestations of obstructive sleep apnea causing snoring with gasping spells.
An expert and experienced Eastside ENT specialist is willing to help you. It is best to only trust a reliable, expert, and experienced ENT doctor for your child’s health.